Others were able to salvage some possessions and building materials but often had nowhere to go, despite the government's statement that people should be returning to their rural homes.
Thousands of families were left unprotected in the open in the middle of Zimbabwe's winter.
These amendments restored corporal and capital punishment and allowed for the compulsory purchase of land by the government.
Beginning in 1999, political unrest sprung up again based on worsening economic and human rights conditions.
The government has ostensibly attempted to make elections free and fair, but has enacted repressive legislation that limits free speech and assembly.