So how do you know if someone is trying to scam you?
Scammers are told to use a female partner for the video call part of the process, but there are guidelines on what they should look like: If a scammer is successful here, and managed to con the target out of money for a webcam, or other small amounts, then they may attempt the riskiest part of the process, known as the "pause." Scammers are instructed to stage an altercation over webcam, and then cease contact.
After a week, scammers are told to call the target and claim that their "husband/father/pimp/whoever" got "drunk/high/whatever" and attacked them.
Business Insider obtained a PDF guide that is sold online for just £2.59.
It details how scammers operate fake dating site profiles in order to con men out of money.
The guide isn't available for free, in fact, it was being sold for Bitcoins on a deep web marketplace.